Intensive technologies, mechanization and automation of production, electricity consumption growth, do necessary knowledge by workers, heads, experts, safe and healthy working conditions.
The problem of environmental protection became actual along with appearance of the person as his activity is impossible without influence and interaction with the nature. With development of science and equipment presently this problem rose more sharply.
For collecting on a forage of not grain part of a crop the combine is equipped with a grinder of PUN-5A and hook-on carts. At a desikation the crushed straw is scattered and plowed, as good organic fertilizer.
Belarusian. It is removed in the Belgorod SHI and VNIIZB and K. Height of an attachment of the lower beans of 12-20 cm of Opusheniye is more red flowers violet Seeds oval, yellow, a scar brown the Mass of 1000 seeds of 139-150 g, protein content in grain of 27-34%, fat - 22-24% Duration of the vegetative period of 90-100 days the Crop of seeds of 1,8-2 1 t/hectare, green material of 23-26 t/hectare It is steady against drowning, beans when maturing do not crack
Cleaning soy maturing Signs - yellowing and subsidence of leaves, a pobureniye of stalks and beans. Seeds have to get coloring peculiar to a grade, harden. The ripened beans of soy do not crack. In dry weather it is rational to move away her direct combining by "Field" with a heder of HPS-4,2, HS-5-120, HS-1500 at low (7-8 cm) a cut. Apply also a separate way of cleaning. Thresh soy the grain combine with a frequency of rotation of the drum of 500-700 rpm.
Correct use of mineral fertilizers. Doses of mineral fertilizers pay off proceeding from security of soils with basic elements of food, the planned productivity and so on. The raised doses lead not only to decline in quality of the grown-up product, but also to hit of surplus of mineral substances in reservoirs;
For improvement of an ecological situation in an uchkhoza it is necessary to hold a number of events for improvement of a sanitary state: to liquidate dumps from the economy territory, to try to lower a dust content on roads by frequent waterings and so on in the summer.
Researches were conducted on an experimental site of an uchkhoz ''Grove'' of MIChGAU a laying of melkodelyanochny experiences with norm of seeding of 550 thousand vskhozhy seeds on hectare. A way of crops - wide-row (with row-spacings of 45 cm). Investigated five grades of soy of northern ecotype: Belor, Mageva, Lantsetnaya, Soyer-3 and Soyer-during researches were taken phenological observations and biometric measurements. After cleaning studied structure of the received crop.